At the 2005 World Summit, all Governments of the world reaffirmed “that democracy is a universal value based on the freely expressed will of peoples to determine their own political, economic, social and cultural systems and their full participation in all aspects of their lives” and stressed “that democracy, development and respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms are interdependent and mutually reinforcing”. 2. To defend human rights in a non-professional context Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person. In more specific cases, the emphasis on accountability may lead human rights defenders to testify that human rights violations have already occurred, either in a public forum (e.g. a newspaper) or before a court or tribunal. In this way, defenders help to ensure justice for victims in certain cases of human rights violations and to break patterns of impunity to prevent future violations. A significant number of defence lawyers, often through organizations established for this purpose, focus solely on ending impunity for violations. The same groups of defence lawyers could also work to strengthen the state`s capacity to prosecute perpetrators of violations, for example by providing human rights training to prosecutors, judges and the police. Human rights are a cross-cutting issue in all United Nations policies and programmes in the key areas of peace and security, development, humanitarian assistance and economic and social affairs. As a result, virtually all United Nations bodies and agencies are involved to some extent in the protection of human rights.
The right to development, which is at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals, is an example of this; the right to food defended by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, workers` rights defined and protected by the International Labour Organization, gender equality proclaimed by UN Women, the rights of children, indigenous peoples and persons with disabilities. The Secretary-General appoints special representatives to combat serious human rights violations: the Human Rights Council, established in 2006, meets in Geneva. It replaced the 60-year-old United Nations Commission on Human Rights as the most important independent intergovernmental body of the United Nations responsible for human rights. Many human rights defenders work to ensure compliance with human rights standards. In the broadest sense, this could mean putting pressure on the authorities and advocating for increased efforts by the state to implement the international human rights obligations it has accepted by ratifying international treaties. Human rights defenders investigate, gather information and report human rights violations. For example, they can use lobbying strategies to bring their reports to the attention of the public and key political and judicial officials, to ensure that their investigative work is taken into account and that human rights violations are addressed. Most often, this work is carried out by human rights organizations, which regularly publish reports on their findings. However, information may also be collected and reported by a person who focuses on a specific case of human rights violations. This means that no one, including the government, can try to end your life.
It also means that the government should take appropriate measures to protect life by passing laws to protect you and, in certain circumstances, take measures to protect you when your life is in danger. Various intergovernmental bodies and inter-ministerial mechanisms based at United Nations Headquarters in New York and the Secretary-General of the United Nations deal with a number of human rights issues. It protects the human rights of people in Council of Europe member countries, including the United Kingdom. While universally accepted human rights, norms and norms constitute its normative basis, the rule of law must be anchored in a national context, including its culture, history and politics. States therefore have different national experiences in developing their rule of law systems. Nevertheless, as reaffirmed by the General Assembly in its resolution 67/1, there are commonalities based on international standards. Everyone has the right to be recognized everywhere as a person before the law. Everyone has the right to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized. They apply no matter where you come from, what you believe or how you live your life. As defined by the Secretary-General, the rule of law requires that substantive legal procedures, institutions and standards be consistent with human rights, including the fundamental principles of equality before the law, accountability to the law and fairness in the protection and protection and protection of rights (S/2004/616, by. 6).
There is no rule of law in societies if human rights are not protected and vice versa; Human rights cannot be protected in societies without a strong rule of law. The rule of law is the mechanism for implementing human rights that translates them from principle to reality. Every person and all peoples have the right to active, free and meaningful participation, contribution and joy in the civil, political, economic, social and cultural development through which human rights and fundamental freedoms can be realized. The atrocities of the Second World War made the protection of human rights an international priority. These fundamental rights are based on common values such as dignity, fairness, equality, respect and independence. Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and has the right, through national efforts and international cooperation, and in accordance with the organization and means of each State, to realize the economic, social and cultural rights that are essential to his dignity and the free development of his personality. The most innovative feature of the Human Rights Council is the Universal Periodic Review. This unique mechanism includes a review of the human rights record of the 193 UN Member States every four years. The review is a cooperative State-led process under the auspices of the Council, which provides each State with an opportunity to present the measures and challenges taken to improve the human rights situation in its country and to fulfil its international obligations. The review aims to ensure universality and equal treatment of all countries. Everyone has the equal right to a fair and public trial by an independent and impartial tribunal to rule on his or her rights and obligations and on any criminal complaint brought against him. Nearly 70 years ago, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common human rights standard for all everywhere.
Human rights teams in the field work in close cooperation and coordination with other civilian and uniformed components of peacekeeping missions, in particular with regard to the protection of civilians; combating conflict-related sexual violence and sexual assault against children; and strengthening respect for human rights and the rule of law through legal and judicial reforms, security sector reform and prison reform. The General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) and their subsidiary bodies make decisions and recommendations to Member States, the United Nations system and other actors. Human rights are rights inherent in all human beings, without distinction as to race, sex, nationality, ethnic origin, language, religion or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, the right not to be subjected to slavery and torture, freedom of expression and expression, the right to work and education, and much more. Everyone has the right to these rights, without discrimination. Democracy based on the rule of law is ultimately a means to achieve international peace and security, economic and social progress and development, and respect for human rights – the three pillars of the Mission of the United Nations as enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations. The foundations of this body of legislation are the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which were adopted by the General Assembly in 1945 and 1948 respectively. Since then, the United Nations has gradually extended human rights standards to specific standards for women, children, persons with disabilities, minorities and other vulnerable groups who now have rights that protect them from the discrimination that has long been common in many societies. In accordance with this broad categorization, human rights defenders can be any person or group of individuals engaged in the promotion of human rights, from intergovernmental organizations based in the world`s largest cities to individuals working in their local communities. Advocates can be of any gender, of different ages, from any part of the world and from all kinds of professional or other backgrounds.